American Curl - Breed Profile:

Origin: California, USA
Colors: Any color and pattern
Size: Small to medium
Coat Type(s): Shorthair and longhair
Grooming: Occasional (shorthair); twice a week (longhair)
Talkativeness: Average
Activity Level: High
Attention Requirement: High
Overall: Moderately obedient

Breed video: American Curl

Physical Characteristics

The most interesting and obvious characteristic of the American Curl cats is their curled ears, which is a natural genetic mutation. The ears curl back from the face toward the center of the back of the skull. Kittens are born with straight ears, which begin to curl after two to ten days. After 16 weeks, their ears will not curl any longer, and should be hard and stiff to the touch. The degree of the curl will vary, but cats intended for cat shows must have ears that curl in an arc between 90 and 180 degrees.
Their ears also have tufts of hair extending from them which help create a great expression along with their big, round eyes.
The American Curl is a medium sized cat, and does not reach maturity until it's older than 2 years.


American curls are known to be affectionate, curious and energetic. They bring with them an even temperament and intelligence, and are not overly vocal, but will tell you when they need something or desire attention. Bumping their heads is another way of giving their loving attention. These cats adapt to almost any home situation with ease and adjust to other animals remarkably well.

Coat and grooming

Both longhaired and shorthaired American Curls have soft, silky coats which lie flat against their bodies. The tail on the longhaired Curl should be a full, gorgeous plume.
They require little grooming and occasional baths.


Most importantly, an American Curl's ears should be handled carefully because rough handling may damage the cartilage in the ear.
They are strong and healthy, remarkably free of the genetic defects that may affect many purebred cats.

Interesting facts

Two kittens were found as a stray cats in 1981 in California, USA, and were brought home by a couple who then made this breed known. Only in 1983 it was first exhibited at a cat show, where this breed quickly captured the heart of many cat lovers.