Photo by Doug Miller

Russian Blue - Breed Profile:
Origin: Russia

Colors: Blue with a silver sheen
Size: Small to medium
Coat Type(s): Shorthair
Grooming: Weekly
Talkativeness: Quiet
Activity Level: Average
Attention Requirement: Average
Overall: Moderately obedient

Breed video: Russian Blue - people oriented, gentle, quiet cat

These shorthair cats were originated in the port of Arkhangelsk in Russia. It is said to be a naturally occurring breed. The Russian Blue is also known as the Archangel Blue and Archangel Cat.

Physical characteristics

Russian Blue cats are medium-sized; they have a well-proportioned, elongated, well-boned and very muscular body. It looks very graceful in outline with a long tapering tail, long legs and small oval feet. Females weigh 7 to 9 lb; males weigh 8 to 13 lb. Russian Blues have a wedge-shaped head with a flat skull broad at the eye level (sometimes described as "cobra-like"). They have a medium length nose and a strong chin. In profile, the nose is straight. A distinctive feature of Russian Blue cats is their prominent whisker pads: excitement or alarm makes them "puff up". The ears are vertically set, large and wide-based. The eyes are almond-shaped, widely set and vivid green.
Read also about the difference between the Russian Blue and Korat.


Russian Blue cats are known as playful and very intelligent pets. They can easily open doors and windows; they can be trained to fetch; they are sensitive to basic human emotions. Playing with different toys is always a great amusement for them. Being rather reserved with strangers, Russian blues can develop amazingly faithful bonds with those whom they love. These cats usually get on very well with other pets and children older than 11 years old. They are quiet and clean, with a shy streak. The undemanding nature of Russian Blues perfectly fits for today's busy and stressed life; self-contained, they do not suffer from being a sole pet, and generally do not require company of other cats. They will easily entertain themselves if left alone for a day or two; they will also be a content companion when you are back.
Photo by Ayumu Kawazoe

Coat and grooming

Russian Blue cats have a short double coat. It is very dense and even. The undercoat is soft, downy, and it has the same length as the guard hair. The latter has an amazingly bright blue colour with each hair dipped in silver. This gives the coat a silvery sheen and shimmer that looks best in natural light. This type of coat is often described as thick and wonderfully soft to the touch. It requires little grooming and can be kept fine by frequent petting and occasional (preferably weekly) brushing. Shedding is very little, too.


Russian Blue cats are said to have no known breed-related inherited diseases. They are usually healthy, hardy, and long-living. However, some say that these cats are prone to dental problems. A regular brushing routine will help to prevent the latter. It is also recommended to clip the nails monthly to prevent snagging and possible infection from cracking and ripping.

Other interesting facts

- The Russian Blue cat produces much less allergens than other cat breeds. Hence, this breed might be considered hypoallergenic, but some people think that there is no cat truly free of allergens.
- Some note that Russian Blue cats look smiling, and the reason of that smile is known to nobody but themselves.