Any cat owner knows what it is like when a cat pees or sprays in the house. The odour of cat urine can become a real problem and make your house unpleasant to be in. Cat urine can also cause stains. We've collected a few tips that should help you clean surfaces and eliminate the odour if the accident has happened.

Carpet

1. Use a soft cloth (preferably white) or a paper towel to absorb as much of the urine as possible. Press the cloth gently against the surface for about 30 seconds. Note: do not rub because it will not help absorbing but will spread the urine over the carpet. Remove the cloth and repeat the action until the area is dried. Stand on the cloth to increase the pressure if necessary. The more urine you remove this way, the easier it will be to remove the odour.
2. Spray the area with cool clean water and remove as much of the water as possible the same way as described above.
3. Odour removal. There are special products that can be purchased in pet stores. You can also use baking soda, white vinegar, peroxide, and detergents.

Baking soda

Baking soda doesn't penetrate deep but it is usually effective enough to eliminate the odour. Damp the area and sprinkle some baking soda over it. Rub the soda into the carpet and let it dry fully. When it is dry, remove the soda with a vacuum cleaner.

White vinegar

Never apply undiluted vinegar on any surface! Mix 1 quart of warm water with 1/2 cup of white vinegar. Test this solution on the surface (on a spot hidden from view). If the surface colour and texture don't change in a while, sprinkle the mixture over the stain and put a few dry paper towels over the area. Putting some heavy thing over it will help increase the pressure, which will improve the final result. Let it dry for some hours, and then remove the towels. Brush the surface with a soft-bristled brush.

Peroxide and detergents

Spray 3% hydrogen peroxide product over the stain, wait for about five minutes, and press a soft cloth or paper towels against the area several times until it's as dry as possible. Do not rub. If the stain or odour persists, repeat the procedure.

Odour removers, enzyme cleaners, wet-vacs

If the stain or odour does not vanish after the above manipulations, try a high-quality pet odour neutralizer. If the area still smells and looks stained, apply a special stain and odour removing bacteria (enzyme) cleaner. Both can be found in pet stores. Before applying, read and follow the instructions carefully.
Some people are convinced that no commercial products (odour and stain removers) work properly. They are also sure such products are way too expensive. If don't like chemical cleaners for whatever reason, try a wet-vac. They are good for nearly all stains and odours including old ones. Consider renting a wet-vac if you cannot afford one. Follow the instructions carefully. Generally, no chemicals are necessary when you use a wet-vac because clean water works fine enough.

Upholstery

Upholstery cleaning is pretty much similar to carpet cleaning. There are, however, a few things to be taken into account. If a solvent is required, do not apply it directly on the upholstery. Instead, pour it onto a cloth, then apply the cloth on the stain. When the stain is removed, dry the upholstery. Use a hairdryer (on the cool air setting) to quicken the process. Finally, use a brush with soft bristles on the upholstery. Note: test the solution on the upholstery before you apply it.

Hardwood floors

Cat urine can cause erosion and rotting to your hardwood floor. There are a few things to remember about to postpone a major floor refurbishment. Remove the urine from the floor as soon as possible. Use a soft cloth or paper towels to absorb it. Clean the area with white vinegar (see above) several times. Spray the stain with warm water and absorb the water with a soft cloth. Then, apply a special stain and odour removing cleaner. Do not forget to read the instructions carefully before using these products.
Make sure the odour is always removed thoroughly. If any of it remains, the cat can spray or pee on that area again.