Image credit: pflederer85

Brussels Griffon - Breed Profile:

Origin: Belgium
Colors: Red, black, black-and-tan
Size: Small
Type of Owner: Novice
Exercise: Little
Grooming: Regular
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs
Dominance: High
Noise: Likes to bark

Physical characteristics

The Brussels Griffon, also known as the Griffon Bruxellois, is a small dog with square proportions. Even though they are toy dogs, they are quite sturdy. The head have a domed shape, the nose is very short, the lower jaw is "undershot", and the eyes are lustrous. The tail and ears are customarily docked, though the ears can be left natural.

Griffons weigh 8 to 12 pounds, and their height is 8 inches in average.


You will be surprised to discover how energetic the spirit of this tiny dog is! Griffons have a huge heart and a strong desire to be with its master. They are intelligent, inquisitive, and charming, but are also wilful and love to be spoiled. Be ready to face an extremely sensitive and very demanding personality trying to make a visibility of great self-importance. Because of this, Griffons had better be raised in a house with family and socialized carefully at a young age. They are usually good with other pets in the house including cats. Sometimes, these dogs are difficult to housebreak.

Coat and grooming

Griffons come in red, black, black-and-tan colours. There are two types of this breed: rough-coated and smooth-coated. The first one has a harsh, wiry, and dense hair; the second one has a short, straight, and glossy coat. The latter needs less grooming, while the rough-coated variety should be groomed on a regular basis (several times each week).


There are a lot of health problems in this breed such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), distichiasis, hip dysplasia, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, and syringomyelia (SM). Also, Griffons are sensitive to heat, so do not expose your dog to the sun for too long a time. The lifespan of Griffons is 12 to 15 years.

Other interesting facts

- Griffons are very difficult to breed.
- The name "Griffon Bruxellois" may refer to three different breeds, the Griffon Bruxellois, the Griffon Belge and the Petit Brabançon. They are basically identical but for the coat type and colour differences, so are often considered varieties of the same breed.
- This breed is rather difficult to find.