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Chow Chow - Breed Profile:

Origin: China
Red, cinnamon/fawn, cream, black, blue, gray, white
Size: Large
Type of Owner:
Exercise: Moderate
Trainability: Slightly difficult to train
Combativeness: Can be fairly dog-aggressive
Dominance: High
Noise: Likes to bark

Breed video: Chow Chow

Physical characteristics

The Chow Chow is a fluffy powerful dog with a sturdy built. They have a broad skull and a wide muzzle; along with the splendidly thick coat, it makes the dog look quite massive. The triangular ears are relatively small, erect, and have rounded tips. The bushy tail curls over the back. The dark eyes are set deep and have an almond shape. Chow Chows can easily be recognized by the dark tongue (usually black-blue or purple) and unusually straight back legs. The dark colour of the tongue extends to the lips, making the Chow Chow one of those rare breeds with such an unusual mouth colouration (another breed with a blue tongue is the Chinese Shar-Pei). The nose is always black.
Chow Chows weigh around 70 pounds (both males and females), and their height is 20 inches on average.


Chow Chows are dogs with a high level of dominance and a strong protective instinct, so they require firm training and extensive socialization at a very young age. The earlier you start these activities, the better. Training can be slightly difficult because of the dog's wilful streak. The bossy a Chow Chow needs a good pack leader. This breed is not recommended for novice owners or families with little children. A well-trained and well-socialized Chow Chow is a loyal dog with good manners. They are not very active and will feel comfortable living in an apartment, provided that you give them enough exercise (daily walks are a must anyway). Chow Chows are usually wary with strangers and sometimes reserved even with family members.

Coat and grooming

There are two varieties of the Chow Chow: the rough and smooth. The rough one is most common, it is the one with dense, soft hair which is very thick around the neck and head forming kind of a mane. The smooth variety resembles a small Akita. Both of them need regular grooming to keep the coat in a good condition.
Chow Chows come in several solid colours: red, cinnamon/fawn, cream, black, blue, gray, and white. The last one is quite rare.


Chow Chows are prone to hip dysplasia, ear infections, eyelid problems and hot spots. Also, these dogs tend to snore.
The lifespan of Chow Chows is 10 to 15 years.