Image credit: Gary_Troughton

Collie - Breed Profile:

Origin: Scotland
Colors: Sable and white, tri-color, blue merle or predominantly white with markings
Size: Large
Type of Owner: Novice
Exercise: Moderate
Grooming: Extensive
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs
Dominance: Low
Noise: Likes to bark

Breed video: Collie

Physical characteristics

Collies are elegant, well-proportioned, and agile sheepdogs. Like the Borzoi, they have a narrow, wedge-shaped head flat at the top. The muzzle is long, smooth and well-rounded; it tapers to a black nose. The ears are erect, but the tips (about 1/4 the ear) fold forward. The eyes are dark and almond-shaped. The athletic body is a bit longer than its height. The tail is medium length (reaches the hocks). The gait of Collies is very graceful and full of dignity. A lot of people consider this breed to be one of the most beautiful dogs.
Collies weigh 50 to 75 pounds, and their height is 22 to 26 inches.


Collies are intelligent dogs with a kind, loyal, affectionate, friendly, and sensitive temperament. Playful and gentle, they are perfect companions for children. Having a low level of dominance, they are also good with other pets in the house. Sometimes they are stubborn though, so must be trained to achieve the best cooperation. Training should not be tough because these dogs are fairly smart. Collies are very protective and courageous when it comes to their loved ones. Puppies can show herding behaviour, but adult dogs usually outgrow it.

Coat and grooming

There are two types of coats in Collies: Rough and Smooth. The first one has a long thick double coat that forms a mane around the neck and chest. This type needs a lot of grooming (daily is preferable). The Smooth variety needs much less attention. The hair on the head and legs is short and smooth in both the varieties. Also, both the Rough and Smooth Collies come in sable and white, tri-color (black, white and tan), blue merle or predominantly white colours with sable, tri-color or blue merle markings.
The double layered coat needs to be brushed frequently and thoroughly to keep it in a show condition, but it does not require extensive care.


Some Collies are prone to Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA). Puppies should be checked for Collie eye syndrome. Make sure your dog has enough shade and water in warm weather. Also, the tip of a Collie's nose can be sensitive to the sun.

The lifespan of Collies is 12 to 15 years.