Photo by Mary Baker

English Toy Spaniel - Breed Profile:

Origin: England
Colors: Black-and-tan, solid red, white with red markings, white with black and tan markings
Size: Small
Type of Owner: Novice
Exercise: Very little
Grooming: Regular
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs
Dominance: Low
Noise: Average barker

Physical characteristics

English Toy Spaniels, also known as King Charles Spaniels, are little compact dogs with square proportions. They have a rounded head with a high, domed skull and a short, pug-like muzzle. The large floppy ears are set low and fringed with heavy feathering. The round eyes are dark brown or black. The nose is black with wide-open nostrils. The tail is customarily docked.
The weight of English Toy Spaniels is 8 to 14 pounds, and an average height is 9 inches.


English Toy Spaniels belong to the type of dogs with inborn good manners and behaviour. It is hard to find a dog as sweet, happy, and loving: the breed was originated in Great Britain to be a good companion for royalty! Today, English Toy Spaniels make wonderful family pets: they are quiet but playful at the same time. Neither demanding and nor dominant. They are also very intelligent (and therefore easy to train), though some individuals can be stubborn. Being gentle, these dogs have to be treated gently in response, so think twice if you have babies: English Toy Spaniels get along better with older and considerate children. Good with other pets and friendly with other dogs.

Coat and grooming

English Toy Spaniels have a long silky coat that can be either straight or a bit wavy. There are four typical colour varieties of this breed: King Charles (black-and-tan), Ruby (solid red, sometimes with a small white patch on the chest), Blenheim (white with red markings), and Prince Charles (tri-color: white with black and tan markings). Regular grooming is needed to keep this luxury in a good state. Average shedders.
Photo by Mary Baker Tri-color English Toy Spaniel


Some English Toy Spaniels are susceptible to respiratory ailments, slipped stifle, eye and ear infections. Hence, the eyes and ears should be cleaned on a regular basis to avoid some of the issues. Like many other short-faced breeds (for example, the Bulldog or Pug), English Toy Spaniels may wheeze and snore. Also, they may have troubles with breathing in hot weather, so protect your royal companion from extreme temperatures.
The lifespan of English Toy Spaniels is 10 to 12 years.