The Hokkaido Inu, also known as the Hokkaido Ken and Ainu dog, is considered to be one of the oldest native breeds of Japan. Some people say it's the very oldest one, but the opinions on this matter differ because the same is also often said about the rest of the native Japanese dog breeds. The Hokkaido Inu was declared the official name of the breed in 1937. In the same year, the breed was declared a national monument.
Physical characteristicsThe Hokkaido Inu has a typical Spitz appearance with a stocky body, thick neck, erect triangular ears, and a curled tail that is carried over the back. The small eyes have a rising triangular outline. Powerful by nature, these dogs are capable of withstanding severe cold and heavy snowfalls. Most Hokkaido Inus have black spots on their tongue, which is thought to be caused by a genetic link to the Chinese Shar-Pei and Chow Chow.
The height is 18 to 22 inches. The weight is 45 to 65 pounds. Females tend to be smaller.