Photo by © ektelonn

Komondor - Breed Profile:

Origin: Hungary
Size: Extra large
Type of Owner:
Exercise: Moderate
Grooming: Little
Trainability: Slightly difficult to train
Combativeness: Tends to be dog-aggressive
Dominance: High
Noise: Average barker

Physical characteristics

The Komondor is a massive dog recognizable by its striking coat: heavy white cords resemble dreadlocks or a giant mop! The body is well-muscled and well-boned, slightly longer than tall. The head is large with a relatively short muzzle. The jaws are strong. The dark brown eyes are almond shaped. The ears look somewhat like an elongated triangle with slightly rounded tips. They hang down and blend in with the rest of the coat. The nose is black. The teeth should meet in a scissor or level bite. The gait is light, leisurely and balanced.
Male Komondors weigh over 100 pounds, females - over 80 pounds. The height is over 25 inches for females and over 27 inches for males.


Komondor puppies are energetic and playful. As they mature, they become more serious, dignified, and confident. Full maturity is reached at about two or three years of age. An adult Komondor is strong, courageous, alert and tends to command (due to its instincts). These dogs are generally reserved with strangers but demonstrative with those they love. Very territorial and highly protective of their family, house, car and livestock. Daily exercise and obedience training are highly important, as well as your clear pack leadership. Don't forget about regular mental exercises. Komondors are very smart and need a lot of stimulation for the mind, otherwise they get bored easily and can develop various types of unwanted behaviour. May be very wilful. Komondors must be thoroughly socialized with people and other dogs at an early age, otherwise they can be fiercely protective and even aggressive, with both strange dogs and people. But even if your dog is well-socialized and obedient, it's important to remember that some individuals are never completely comfortable with any stranger. Most Komondors must be carefully introduced to guests, then supervised while the guest enjoys your hospitality.
An obedient well-balanced Komondor is respectful, devoted and loyal to its master. It can become a good family dog if socialized as a young puppy, trained thoroughly, and raised with children from the start. Nonetheless, the Komondor is not generally recommended as a family pet. Its ideal environment is a large home with a spacious and securely fenced yard, in the country without close neighbours. Komondors have a deep, impressive bark which they tend to use freely, especially at night when they are most attentive.

Coat and grooming

Komondors come in solid white colour and have a very thick protective coat. The outer coat fuses with the undercoat to form felt that hangs in long cords. The puppy coat is relatively soft, but it shows a tendency to fall into cord-like curls. It can take around two years for the cords to form completely. Though the coat is white, the skin is either grey (preferred) or pink (acceptable).
Due to the cords, the Komondor's hair must never be brushed. If necessary, the coat can be trimmed. Frequent bathing is recommended, though the hair takes a long time to dry. Shedding is very little.


Komondors are prone to hip dysplasia, bloat and skin problems.
The lifespan is 10 to 12 years.

Other interesting facts

The Komondor is a flock guardian, not a herder. Originally developed in Hungary to guard large herds of animals on the open plains, the Komondor was charged with protecting the herd by itself, with no assistance and no commands from its master. The unique coat serves to help the dog blend in with its flock and to protect it from extremes of weather and beasts of prey.
The Komondor is also know as the Hungarian Komondor, Hungarian Sheepdog, and Mop Dog.