Photo by Leonardo Dasilva

Miniature Pinscher - Breed Profile:

Origin: Germany
Red, black and tan, chocolate and tan
Size: Small
Type of Owner:
Exercise: Little
Grooming: Very little
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Dog-aggressive
Dominance: High
Noise: Likes to bark

Physical characteristics

The Miniature Pinscher is a small compact dog with a smooth coat and square proportions. Well-muscled for its size. The legs are well-boned, with small clean joints. Viewed from the front, they are straight and upstanding. The topline is either level or sloping slightly towards the back. The narrow head and muzzle are tapering, they are both in good proportion to the body. The dark eyes are full and slightly oval. The ears are set hight. They can either be cropped or left natural. Cropped ears stand erect from the base to the tip. The nose is black in red dogs and black and tan dogs, while self-coloured in chocolate Pinschers. The teeth should form a scissor bite. The tail is customarily docked. The gait is free and easy.
Miniature Pinscher weigh 8 to 10 pounds. Their height is 10 to 12,5 inches.


The Miniature Pinscher is a very demanding and headstrong fellow. Highly energetic, spirited and alert. Brave and courageous. They do need proper human leadership, otherwise they'll easily take over the household and may become over-protective, possessive, noisy, aggressive, etc. This breed is one of those whose behaviour completely depends on how you treat the dog, and mistakes are not always venial. Patience and firmness are required to become a good leader, as well as a calm and assertive approach when you set rules and limitations. If proper leadership is provided, Miniature Pinschers are generally good with other pets and children. They tend to be aggressive with other dogs though, so proper socialization at an early age is necessary, too. Don't forget about physical exercises and daily walks so the dog burns its surplus energy and doesn't get destructive at home. A well-balanced Miniature Pinscher is a lively and obedient companion.

Coat and grooming

Miniature Pinschers come in solid red, black and tan, chocolate and tan colours. The short coat is sleek, smooth and hard. Little grooming is necessary to keep it in good condition.


Miniature Pinschers are very healthy dogs with no known breed-specific diseases. They are sensitive to the cold though and prone to obesity. Do not overfeed.
The lifespan is relatively long - 15 years and more.

Other interesting facts

The Miniature Pinscher's ancestors include the Dachshund, Italian Greyhound, and shorthaired German Pinscher. "Pinscher" means "Terrier" in German, and the Miniature Pinscher is a distinctly German breed that originated several centuries ago as an efficient barnyard ratter. The Miniature Pinscher is often called "King of the Toys".