Photo by luckyno3

Pembroke Welsh Corgi - Breed Profile:

Origin: Wales
Red, sable, fawn, black and tan
Size: Medium
Type of Owner:
Exercise: Moderate
Grooming: Little
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs
Dominance: Moderate
Noise: Average barker

Physical characteristics

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a small to medium size dog with large erect ears and low-set, sturdy build. It gives an impression of substance and stamina in a small space. The chest is deep with well-sprung ribs. The front legs are short and turned slightly inward. The thighs are strong and well-boned. The Pembroke variety generally has straighter legs and is not quite as long-bodied as the Cardigan variety. The head is fox-like. The skull is broad and flat between the ears. The medium size ears are neither round nor protruding; they are more oval-like. The eye rims are dark, preferable black. The eye colour is in harmony with the coat colour. The ears taper slightly to a rounded point. Mobile and sensitive, they readily react to any sound. The bite is either scissors or level. The Pembroke's tail is docked to almost non-existence (unlike in the Cardigan). Occasionally, puppies are born with a natural dock, which is acceptable. The gait is free and smooth.
The weight should not exceed 30 pounds for males and 28 pounds for females. The height is 10 to 12 inches.


Pembroke Corgis are hardy, highly intelligent, obedient, and devoted. They are willing to please. Spirited and athletic, yet steady and dependable. This is a true "big dog on short legs". Extremely active and good with children as long as they recognize their owners as pack leaders. Protective and sturdy, they make fine guards. Corgis should be properly socialized and trained as a puppy to avoid over-protective behaviour as an adult. Some individuals try to herd people by nipping at their heels; this behaviour should be corrected. Corgis are usually good with other dogs and non-canine animals. Some Pembrokes are more outgoing, restless and excitable than Cardigans.
If its days include moderate exercise, along with love and affection, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is adaptable and easy to live with.
Photo by nikoretro

Coat and grooming

The coat is double, thick and weather-resistant. It has slightly thicker and longer ruff around the neck, chest and on the shoulders. The body coat lies flat. The hair is mainly straight but some waviness is fine. Little grooming is necessary. Shedding is seasonal.
Corgis come in red, sable, fawn, black and tan with or without white markings.


Along with the Cardigan variety, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is among the healthiest and longest-living dogs in the Herding Group. Nonetheless, some lines are prone to PRA, glaucoma and back disorders. Obesity can also be a problem, so do not overfeed.
The lifespan is 12 to 15 years.

Other interesting facts

There are two varieties of Welsh Corgis, the Cardigan and the Pembroke, each named for the counties in Wales where they originated.
The Corgi from Pembrokeshire is a breed of considerable antiquity. The direct ancestors of the Pembroke were brought across the Channel in 1107 by Flemish weavers.