Photo by © Christine Anderson

Pug - Breed Profile:

Origin: China
Colors: Fawn, black or silver with black mask
Size: Small
Type of Owner: Novice
Exercise: Very little
Grooming: Little
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Usually not dog-aggressive
Dominance: Low
Noise: Not a barker

Physical characteristics

Pugs are small stocky dogs with a very touching expression. They have square proportions (the height equals its length), a relatively large head, and a well-curled tail. The short muzzle is pretty much wrinkled, just like in the Bulldog. The big round eyes are widely set, prominent, dark, and look somewhat sad but sweet. The teeth should meet in a slightly undershot bite. The ears are soft and floppy.
The height of Pugs is 14 to 18 inches, and their weight is 14 to 18 pounds, too.


Even though sometimes a pug's eyes look so sad that can make you think the dog is unhappy, these little cuties are very cheerful and playful dogs full of affection and loyalty. They are perky, charming, strong-wiled, and mischievous. They are also very smart and, thus, easy to train, even though can be stubborn sometimes. Be sure to remain a good pack leader at all times. They love various games and training practises: repeating ones can easily make them bored. Give pugs a lot of attention, and they will become adorable companions excellent with children and other pets in the house. Socialize the dog at an early age.

Coat and grooming

Pugs have a short smooth coat easy to take care of: very little brushing is necessary. The possible coat colours are fawn, silver or black with a black mask. Sometimes, pugs have a black "trace" (a line running from the occiput to the tail).


Pugs are prone to obesity, so do not overfeed your dog. As well as other short-faced breeds such as the Boston Terrier, Pugs may have breathing problems: wheezing and snoring. Sensitive to the heat, so do not over-exercise them, especially in warm weather. After a bath, dry them quickly to avoid chill. A pug's eyes are very sensitive and prone to tearing.
The lifespan of pugs is 12 to 15 years.