Photo by Doug Pieper

Rottweiler - Breed Profile:

Origin: Germany
Colors: Black with tan markings
Size: Extra large
Type of Owner: Experienced
Exercise: Daily
Grooming: Little
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Tends to be dog-aggressive
Dominance: High
Noise: Average barker

Physical characteristics

The Rottweiler is a very powerful dog with an athletic and massive build. The head is broad with a rounded forehead. The black nose is wide. The muzzle is well-developed. The dark brown eyes are almond-shaped. The medium size ears are pendent and have a triangular shape. The length of the body is slightly longer than its height; the latter ranges from 22 to 27 inches depending on the gender (females tend to be smaller). The lips are black and the inner part of the mouth is dark coloured too. The tail is customarily docked. Overall, the dog has a very impressive look with serious keen eyes.
Rotties weigh 100 to 115 pounds, which makes them extra large dogs.


As well as the German Shepherd, Rottweilers are serious and intelligent working dogs that can easily be trained. Rotties need a firm owner that will provide them with extensive, careful training and proper socialization, otherwise they may become aggressive and unruly. Properly trained, Rotties are calm, obedient, and courageous dogs with very strong protective instincts: they will fiercely defend their loved ones. Rotties are talented watchdogs and guarding dogs. To be truly happy, Rottweilers need vigorous daily exercise.

Coat and grooming

The coat is short and sleek and comes in black colour with tan markings on the face, chest, legs, and tail. Little grooming is necessary.


Hip dysplasia is the most common health issue in this breed. This problem, however, is typical for all large breeds. Rotties do not have inherited health issues.
The lifespan is 10 to 12 years.

Other interesting facts

Female Rotties often have large litters, up to 12 puppies.
This breed is often used for police work.