Photo by cayenne2006

Saluki - Breed Profile:

Origin: Middle Eastern Region
Colors: Variety
Size: Medium
Type of Owner: Experienced
Exercise: Vigorous
Grooming: Little
Trainability: Somewhat difficult to train
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs
Dominance: Low
Noise: Average barker

Physical characteristics

The Saluki, also known as the Royal Dog of Egypt and Persian Greyhound, is a graceful hound with a slim body and a very elegant look. Don't bee fooled by its fragile appearance - these dogs are avid hunters that possess the strength and endurance to chase quarry over long distances and difficult terrain. The long narrow skull is moderately wide between the ears. The long pendent ears hang down close to the head. The dark eyes are large and oval. The long neck is flexible and well-muscled. The deep chest is moderately narrow. The long curved tail is set low. The feet are heavily haired between the long toes to protect the dog from rough terrain.
The Saluki weighs 31 to 55 pounds. The height is 23 to 28 inches.


The Saluki is affectionate, gentle, sensitive and friendly. Can sometimes be a bit aloof even with its own family. Quite submissive to dominant people and dogs and will not challenge the authority. Salukis do best with another Saluki companion as this breed is very independent. Loves to run (which is does much faster than humans) and chase, and should not be trusted with small non-canine pets such as birds and rabbits. Can do well with cats if raised with them from puppyhood and if the cat is left to its own instinctive devices. The Saluki should never be let off leash except in an isolated, secure area. This breed needs a lot of vigorous daily exercise to stay happy and well-balanced. Can be easily distracted and somewhat skittish, especially when confronted with another dog. Training will require a lot of patience. May be too slim for kids' rough play.

Coat and grooming

The coat is smooth, soft, and silky. It comes in a variety of colours such as white, cream, fawn, gold, red, grizzle and tan, black and tan, and tricolour. The tail and the ears are well-weathered. Some feathering is also present on the back of the legs. The coat is easy to groom and needs only occasional brushing.
There is also a rarer, smooth, variety of the Saluki that has no feathering. The smooth coat is generally a bit coarser than the feathered variety's silky coat.
Photo by cayenne2006


The Saluki is prone to some genetic eye diseases and cancer. Their sensitive nose can get sunburn. Odour free. The lifespan is 10 to 12 years.

Other interesting facts

The Saluki is probably the oldest breed of domesticated dogs. They were held in great esteem and their bodies were often mummified like the bodies of the Pharaohs themselves. The breed was originally used by the Arabs to track and bring down gazelle, the fastest of the antelopes. When the Saluki was first imported to England in 1840, they were mainly used to hunt hare.