Image credit: K&S

Samoyed - Breed Profile:

Origin: Northwest Russia
Colors: White, cream, buscuit
Size: Large
Type of Owner: Novice
Exercise: Moderate
Grooming: Extensive
Trainability: A bit difficult to train
Combativeness: Can be slightly dog-aggressive
Noise: Likes to bark

Physical characteristics

True Arctic dogs, Samoyeds resemble polar teddy bears. They are powerful, robust, well-muscled, and sturdy. The triangular head is moderately massive and wide. The nose and the lips are black. Due to this colour contrast, Samoyeds are also known as Smileys and Smiling Sammies. The eyes can be either black or brown. The ears are relatively small and erect. The tail, one of the breed's most distinctive features, is curved over the back and touches it. The height of the dog is 19 to 23 inches, which is slightly shorted than its length. The weight is 40 to 75 pounds.


Bred to be hunting and herding dogs, Sammies have an peaceable easy-going personality. The dog's smile reveals its friendly an gentle nature. Very devoted, they tend to love everyone, even though may form strong bonds with only one person. Samoyeds are playful and intelligent, but also stubborn at times, which may make training process slightly difficult. You will need a lot of patience training a Sammie, and you efforts will be well-rewarded. These dogs need human company, and can become rather destructive if left alone for a long time. Aggression is very rare in this breed, which makes them poor guard dogs. Due to their heritage as sled dogs, Sammies enjoy pulling things, and an untrained Samoyed will have no problem pulling you on a leash rather than walking alongside. Overall, Samoyeds are wonderful companion pets, especially if you have children in the house: the dog is very playful throughout its life.
Samoyed puppy by Tundra Ice

Coat and grooming

One of the most fabulous coats a dog can have. The dense, very thick double coat comes in white, cream, or biscuit colours. It is very weather resistant and fluffy, and tends to remain white even without bathing. However, frequent brushing is necessary to keep this luxury in a good state. Usually, males have a larger ruff than females.


Samoyeds can be prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Also, they are prone to skin problems.
The lifespan is 12 to 15 years.