Photo by Lilla Horvath

Vizsla - Breed Profile:

Origin: Hungary
Colors: Golden rust
Size: Medium
Type of Owner: Experienced
Exercise: Daily
Grooming: Very little
Trainability: Easy to train
Combativeness: Friendly with other dogs
Dominance: Low
Noise: Average barker

Physical characteristics

The Vizsla is a sleek muscular dog bred for hunting. The body is athletic and well-proportioned, neither overly long nor leggy. The chest is moderately broad and deep, reaching down to the elbows. The front legs are straight and strong. The thighs are well developed. The head is lean, chiselled and aristocratic, with a moderate stop. The muzzle is square and deep, with a self-coloured (the colour of the coat) nose. The nostrils are slightly open. The ears are thin, silky and proportionately long, with rounded tips. They are set fairly low and hanging close to the cheeks. The jaws are strong with well developed white teeth meeting in a scissor bite. The eyes are medium size, not prominent. The lips cover the jaws completely but are neither loose nor pendulous. The tail is customarily docked. The gait is graceful and smooth.
The Vizsla's weight averages 50 pounds. The height is 22 to 24 inches for males and 21 to 23 inches for females.


Energetic and athletic by nature, the Vizsla must receive sufficient daily exercise, otherwise it may become destructive, neurotic or high-strung. A well-balanced Vizsla is affectionate, gentle, and expressive. An excellent companion for active kids. This breed usually gets on well with other dogs. A proper socialization to people, places, noises, dogs and other animals is highly important, as well as obedience training. If your Vizsla does not recognize you as a strong and spirited leader, it will become stubborn and try to take over the household. Vizslas tend to chew. Due to its hunting nature, this breed should not be trusted with small animals such as hamsters, rabbits and guinea pigs. It can, however, get on well with cats it has been raised with.
If you want a laid back dog and if you are not going to walk a couple of miles or jog at least one mile a day, do not choose a Vizsla.

Coat and grooming

The coat of Vizslas is short, smooth and close-lying. There is no undercoat. The hair comes in shades of golden rust. A little white on the chest and toes is permitted.
Photo by sarowen

The coat is easy to keep in a good condition. Occasional grooming with a bristle brush should be fine. Bathing should only take place when necessary. Vizslas are clean dogs with little to no doggy odour. Average shedders.


Hip dysplasia is the most common disease Vizslas are prone to. There are no known breed-specific health problems.
The lifespan is relatively long - 12 to 15 years.

Other interesting facts

There is also a wire-haired variety of Vizsla recognized in Europe and England.
The Vizsla is also known as the Hungarian Vizsla, Hungarian Pointer, and Magyar Vizsla.